A woman engaging in a consultation with a doctor Medical Conditions
Helicobacter pylori

Helicobacter pylori is a bacteria which can infect the lining of the stomach. It is responsible for causing ulcers and has been associated with upper abdominal discomfort (dyspepsia), nausea, vomiting and bloating. It is also associated with an increased risk of gastric cancers (NB. this affects only a tiny minority of patients).

Helicobacter pylori can be diagnosed in a number of ways, the most common are:

  • A stool test for Helicobacter faecal antigen
  • A urease breath test
  • A biopsy during upper GI endoscopy
If you are found to be infected with this bacteria you will be offered combination treatment with antibiotics and acid-lowering treatment, and asked to do a stool test after treatment to ensure success. This works for the vast majority of people, in those who this is ineffective then second-line, tailored, regimes might be necessary.

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