A woman engaging in a consultation with a doctor Medical Conditions

Cirrhosis is a condition in which the liver is scarred and permanently damaged. Scar tissue replaces healthy liver tissue and prevents your liver from working normally. Scar tissue also partly blocks the flow of blood through your liver.

Some people with cirrhosis have no symptoms . When symptoms occur, they are often secondary to the liver not working well (decompensated liver disease or liver failure).
Symptoms can include the skin and eyes turning a yellow colour (jaundice), bleeding, bruising easily, feeling tired, swelling of abdomen and legs, poor nutrition and breathing problems. Cirrhosis also makes it more likely that you will get infections, and it can increase your risk of liver cancer
The main causes of cirrhosis are drinking too much alcohol, fatty liver disease, having hepatitis B or C, autoimmune hepatitis or inherited liver diseases, such as haemochromatosis.
If you have been diagnosed with cirrhosis your doctor might want to do blood tests regularly and imaging (pictures of your liver with an ultrasound machine, CT scan or MRI). Alcohol abstinence is essential to prevent further damage to the liver. Some causes of cirrhosis can be treated. Medication may be given to prevent complications and to treat liver failure.
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